Dog food ingredients vary somewhat depending on the type of pet food. The basic difference between canned and dry pet foods is the amount of moisture. Canned food contains between 70 and 80% moisture, since these are generally made from fresh meat products, while dry pet food contains no more than 10%. Additional ingredients used for dry foods include corn gluten feed, meat and bone meal, animal fats, and oils. For a meat-like texture, dry foods require more amylaceous, or starch ingredients.
In general, we often buy for the dog in daily life refers to dry-type puffed dog food, which is also a commodity dog food. This kind of dog food ingredients that is made by a lot of nutrient raw materials mixing and then being extruded, and then drying, dehydrated, flavored, etc.,The moisture is less than 12%. Dry type dog food can storage for a long life, easy to digest and absorb,convenient feeding, affordable. It’s getting more and more popular in the dog food market.
Normally for the dog food making ,we have formulation as follows: the protein should be around 32~38%,fat 8~12%,Crude ash 6%,fiber2.8%,calcium1.0%,phosphorus 0.85% and some other raw materials.it can be adjusted according to your local condition .
What kind of raw materials contain the ingredients we need ?
Crude protein is usually the primary focus of most animal feed being the source of the building blocks of life (i.e. Amino Acids). Dogs, best fed as carnivores, require essential amino acids, that are not all found in the correct balance in single plant-protein sources such as soybean meal.Protein is best known for supplying amino acids, or protein subunits, to build hair, skin, nails, muscles, tendons, ligaments, and cartilage. It also plays a main role in hormone production.Common dog-food protein sources include meat, poultry, fish, and some plant ingredients such as corn gluten and soybean meal.
Common carbohydrate sources are plants and grains. Carbohydrates, also categorized as starches (sugars) and fibers, provide energy and bulk, respectively.
Starches are made up of various types of sugar, such as glucose or fructose. Through digestion, dogs can easily convert sugar into usable energy.
Fiber may or may not be fermented or broken down into short-chain fatty acids by bacteria in a dog’s intestines. Highly fermentable fiber sources, such as vegetable gums, provide high amounts of short-chain fatty acids. Moderately fermentable fibers, such as beet pulp, provide short-chain fatty acids and bulk for moving waste. Slightly fermentable fibers, such as cellulose, provide mainly bulk for moving waste through the digestive tract and only a few short-chain fatty acids.
Fats provide the important fat subunits, omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-6 fatty acids are essential for skin and coat maintenance and proper membrane structure. Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to be important in blood clotting and decreasing inflammation.Animal-cell membranes are made of fat. Fat also helps maintain body temperature, control inflammation, and more. Fat is the primary form of stored energy in the body, providing twice as much energy as carbohydrates or proteins.which are found in meats, poultry, fish, and plant oils, such as flax and vegetable oils.
Vitamins are responsible for promoting bone growth, blood clotting, energy production, and oxidant protection.
Vitamins A, D, E, and K require fat for absorption into the body, while vitamins such as the B-complex vitamins and vitamin C need water to be absorbed into the body.
Minerals provide skeletal support and aid in nerve transmission and muscle contractions.
DOG FOOD TASTE
Dogs can taste things that are bitter, salty, sweet, and sour. If something smells good to a dog, it will likely go down the hatch. After a couple bites, the texture or taste might play a role, too.so the dog food factory usually flavor the dog food into different taste to attract different dogs.