ukwakheka kwezinhlanzi okwenziwa yizithako zokupheka okwenziwa ezintabeni okuphakelayo kwezinhlanzi

Amafutha enhlanzi

Amafutha e-Fish isithako esitholakala enhlanzini encanyana efana neyenhlanzi noma izinhlanzi izinhlanzi njengezinhlanzi. Izinhlanzi zicindezelwa phansi ukuze zikhulule uwoyela wezinhlanzi, izinhlanzi bese ziphinda zenziwa zibe yinhlanzi ngokusebenzisa izindlela zokupheka nokomisa.

Amafutha enhlanzi angumthombo wamandla, kodwa okubaluleke kakhulu ihlinzeka okuwukuphela komthombo wama-acid ama-omega-3 fat-chain, ezibalulekile ezinhlanzini nasempilweni yomuntu. Njengabantu, inhlanzi eziningi azikwazi ukwengeza ama-acid anamafutha amaningi emzimbeni, ngakho-ke kufanele bakhishwe ekudleni kwabo (isb. esimweni senhlanzi ekhonjiwe, Ama-omega-3 aqhamuka ekufakweni kwamafutha enhlanzi kusuka ezinhlanzini ezincane ze-bony noma ezinhlanzini eziyizinhlanzi ezidlweni).

I-Fishmeal

I-Fishmeal isithako esikhulu samaprotheni esenziwa ezinhlanzini ezincane ezi-bony noma izinhlanzi izinhlanzi ezingasasetshenziselwa ukusetshenziswa kwabantu. Kusetshenziswa ekudleni njengomthombo wamaprotheni.

Lezi zithako zithosiwe emhlabeni wonke zivela emazweni anjengePeru, EChile, I-Ecuador, kanye namazwe ase-SE Asia futhi angeniswa e-Australia.

fish feed formulationfloating fish pellet making machine

Amavithamini kanye namaminerali

Kufakwa amavithamini kanye namaminerali ezifufweni ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuthi izinhlanzi zithola wonke umsoco owudingayo. Lawa ngamavithamini kanye namaminerali afanayo nalawo asetshenziswa kwizengezo zabantu.

Amaphrotheni wemifino nezithako zamafutha

Izithako zemifino ezinjengokolweni gluten, Ukudla kwe-lupine ne-soya protein kugxiliswa kusetshenziswa ekudleni njengomthombo wamaprotheni. Ama-Fish feeds enzelwe ukufeza iphrofayili ye-amino acid elinganiselayo, ngakho-ke kuxutshwa amaprotheni emifino.

Ukufakwa kukakolweni nobhontshisi we-faba kungumthombo we-carbohydrate. I-carbohydrate ngesimo sesitashi iphulwe yaba ushukela futhi isetshenziselwa amandla, elinenani elilinganiselwe lokudla okunempilo kwezinhlobo zezinhlanzi ezi-carnivorous. Esikhundleni salokho i-carbohydrate iyadingeka ekwenziweni kwalokhu okuphakelayo ukusiza ukubopha i-pellet ndawonye ukuyenza izinze futhi kungancipha ukuwa lapho ingena emanzini ngaphambi kokuba kudliwe. Kuyadingeka futhi nokuqina kwe-pellet ukugwema noma ikuphi ukuqhekeka noma uthuli olwenzeka lapho okuphakelayo kuhanjiswa ngohlelo lokuphaka olusetshenziselwa izinhlanzi, ukunciphisa inani lezinhlayiya ezincane zokungena ezingena emanzini kanye nokwehlisa ithuba lokuphuma kokudla okunezakhi mzimba kungena emanzini ngaphambi kokuba inhlanzi idle..

Amaprotheni wezilwane zomhlaba nezithako zamafutha

Izithako zezilwane ezisetshenziselwa umhlaba e-Skretting Australia zitholakala kuphela e-Australia futhi zivela kuphela kubahlinzeki abagunyazwe yi-Australia Renders Association (MANJE) futhi zivunyelwe ukuthekelisa nge-AQIS. Futhi zingaphansi kohlelo lwethu lokuvunyelwa kwabahlinzeki kanye nokuhlolwa okujwayelekile ngabamele beScretting. Izilwane ezisetshenziswayo zikhuliselwa ukudliwa ngabantu; ngakho-ke kuncike kwikhwalithi eqinile nokulawulwa kokuphepha kokudla.

Izithako zamaprotheni ezilwelwa ngumhlaba ziseqophelweni eliphezulu kakhulu, Isibonelo, inkukhu idla iphrofayili efana kakhulu ne-amino acid naleya yezinhlanzi, ikwenze kube indawo efanelekile yensimbi ekudleni kwezinhlanzi zezilwane ezinomzimba ezifana nesalimoni ne-trout.

floating fish feed procesing linehow to make floating fish feed pellets

I-Astaxanthin

I-Astaxanthin iyi-carotenoid yemvelo eyenzeka ngasolwandle ekhishwe kuma-crustaceans adla kuwo. Le carotenoid bese ibekwa phansi ezicutshini zemisipha bese idluliselwa emaqanda ngesikhathi somjikelezo wokuzala wama-salmonids amakhulu. I-Salmon ayikwazi ukuhlanganisa i-astaxanthin kanjalo nasolwandle, i-astaxanthin efana nemvelo yengezwe kokuphakelayo.

Ithebula 1. Imithombo Eminye Yeprotein Ehlolwe Ngayo noma Engaba Yindawo Ngokubanzi Noma Ngokubizwa Ngokuphelele KweSidlo Sezinhlanzi kuma-Aquaculture Diets

Ezentengiso

Akuthengisiwe

Imifino

Isilwane

NgiyisidloIzinkukhu ezidalwayoIzibungu zezinambuzane
Ukudla okuvuswayoFeather ukudlaAmaprotheni eseli elilodwa
Isidlo selangaShrimp kanye crab isidloAmaglasi
Ukudla okucashileUfulawa wegaziAmaprotheni amaqabunga
Ukudla okuhlanganisiweIsalfish yezinhlanziIsaladi yemifino
Izinhlamvu zesondoUkudla kwenyamaI-Zooplankton (krill, njll.)
Imfucuza esetshenzisiwe
Imvubelo
I-Phytoplankton
Amagciwane
Algae
Izitshalo eziphakeme

Amaprotheni (ububanzi), %

15-50

50-85

4-85

Ithebula 2 Ezinye Izingqinamba Ezenzeka Kokuphakela Ezaziwayo kanye / noma Ezisolwa Ngokudala Izenzo Zokungasebenzi Kwezomzimba noma Ngaphandle Kokuphazamisa Ukwanda Kwezinhlanzi

Amakhompiyutha

Kutholwe ngaphakathi

Ama-GlycosidesUtshani namaqabunga
PhytatesZonke izitshalo zokudla zezitshalo
I-Mycotoxins (aflatoxin)Ukudla okususelwa ku-cereal akukhona ngokwemvelo kodwa kukhiqizwa ngama-microorganisms
Ama-asidi e-cyclopropenoidU-Cottonseed uwoyela nesidlo
I-Trypsin inhibitorsIsidlo esidliwayo nesidlwenguliwe
MimosineKushiya (I-Leucaena leucocephala)
I-GlucosinolatesUkudla okuvuswayo
HaemoglutininsIsidlo saseSoyabean
I-phenolics yezitshalo
IGossypolUkudla okuhlanganisiwe
TanninsUkudla okuvuswayo
I-lipid ene-oxidized ne-polymerizedUkudla kwezinhlanzi; inproducts yenkukhu, isidlo se-krill
I-histamine ne-putrescineUkudla kwezinhlanzi, ngokuyinhloko i-tuna
AmaNitrosaminesUkudla kwezinhlanzi
Ukubuza

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